1. Disclaimer: Hello Guest, Doberman Chat Forums presents the opinions and material on these pages as a service to its membership and to the general public but does not endorse those materials, nor does it guarantee the accuracy of any opinions or information contained therein. The opinions expressed in the materials are strictly the opinion of the writer and do not represent the opinion of, nor are they endorsed by, Doberman Chat Forums. Health and medical articles are intended as an aid to those seeking health information and are not intended to replace the informed opinion of a qualified Veterinarian.”
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Hello Guest!
We are glad you found us, if you find anything useful here please consider registering to see more content and get involved with our great community members, it takes less than a minute!

Strokes in Dogs and Cats

Discussion in 'Doberman Health and News Articles' started by strykerdobe, Mar 26, 2019.

  1. strykerdobe

    strykerdobe Hot Topics Subscriber

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    Strokes in Dogs and Cats
    With the untimely passing of actor Luke Perry, awareness of strokes came into the spotlight. Can dogs and cats have strokes? Yes; they can. Here’s what you need to know.

    Strokes in Dogs and Cats
    By W. Jean Dodds, DVM on March 24, 2019
    With the untimely passing of actor Luke Perry, awareness of strokes came into the spotlight. Can dogs and cats have strokes? Yes; they can. Here’s what you need to know.

    Types
    Just like humans, dogs and cats can have one of two types of stroke: ischemic or hemmorhagic.

    Ischemic
    Ischemic strokes are caused by a blood clot, called a thrombus, which forms inside one of the brain’s arteries. The clot then blocks blood flow to a part of the brain. However, unlike humans, its typically only involve the smaller blood vessels in pets.

    An embolism is a small blood clot (or piece of atherosclerotic plaque debris in people) that develops elsewhere in the body and then travels through the bloodstream to one of the blood vessels in the brain.


    Hemorrhagic Stroke
    There are two types of hemorrhagic strokes: intracerebral and subarachnoid.

    An intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel inside the brain bursts and leaks blood into the surrounding brain tissue.

    Subarachnoid strokes are typically caused by an aneurysm, which refers to a weakening of an artery wall that creates a bulge, or distention, of the artery. This type of stroke involves bleeding in the area between the brain and the tissue covering the brain, known as the subarachnoid space.

    Signs
    The symptoms or signs of strokes are similar in dogs and cats. They are rare and usually occur in geriatric pets.

    Cats

    • Abnormal eye movements
    • Altered mental status
    • Circling
    • Head pressing
    • Head tilt
    • Muscle spasms
    • Not using the legs normally
    • Seizures
    • Unequal pupil sizes
    • Unsteadiness when walking
    • Weakness
    Dogs

    • Abnormal behavior
    • Abnormal eye movements
    • Abnormal eye positioning
    • Blindness
    • Falling to one side
    • Head tilt
    • Inability to walk or walking with an uncoordinated gait
    • Loss of consciousness
    Causes
    Cats

    • Brain tumors
    • Cancer
    • Diabetes
    • Heart disease
    • High blood pressure
    • Hyperthyroidism
    • Kidney disease
    • Liver disease
    • Lung disease
    • Vestibular disease
    Dogs

    • Bleeding disorders
    • Cancer
    • Cushing’s disease (hyperadrenocorticism)
    • Diabetes
    • Heart disease
    • High blood pressure
    • High and prolonged doses of steroids like prednisone
    • Hypothyroidism, severe
    • Kidney disease
    • Vestibular disease
    Prevention
    A stroke is usually caused by an underlying disease. The best preventative measure is to monitor the pet periodically in order to diagnose the disease before a stroke can occur. Disease diagnosis involves twice yearly check-ups in geriatrics and annually in younger pets , which includes routine blood, endocrine and urinalysis screening.

    What to Do in the Event of a Stroke
    If you think your companion dog or cat has suffered from a stroke, please take him or her to a veterinarian as soon as possible. As well, we recommend that you always keep the phone number and address of your area emergency veterinarian on hand for all pet related emergencies.
     
    • Informative Informative x 1

Share This Page